Sunday, August 20, 2017

The American Solar Eclipse of 2017

We don't start our study of Astronomy until the winter of 2018, but with the impending American solar eclipse tomorrow, we pulled out our textbook early.  For Astronomy, we will use Apologia's Exploring Creation with Astronomy by Jeannie Fulbright (first edition).  (We aren't using the second edition because I had purchased this edition before the second one was released.  It's Jeannie Fulbright.  You can't go wrong.)  We read about solar eclipses on pages 23-24 of the text, then about vision safety as it pertains to the sun on pages 13-14.
 To help better understand why the way smaller moon can cover the sun from our point of view, the text recommends using your thumb to cover the light from a much larger light bulb overhead.  The true eclipse works the same way!
(Here is a total "light bulb eclipse" with my "thumb moon" at the point of totality.)
After reading, we completed the "Why You Should Not Look at the Sun" prompt on page 24 of the Junior Astronomy Notebooking Journal.  (We use the journals with every Apologia science text and highly recommend it!)
(I always purchase thematic stickers to go in her journals, too.)
After we had covered safety, we read Get Eclipsed: The Complete Guide to the American Eclipse: August 21, 2017 by Pat & Fred Espenak, which we purchased at Lowes.  It was a great resource!
Maggie enjoyed reading what some of the people in history thought when a total eclipse occurred.  (The Chinese threw flaming arrows at the sun, hoping to relight it.  In other parts of the world, people thought the sun was being eaten up by a giant monster.  In hopes of scaring it, they would bang on pots, pans and drums.)
Truly, at the moment of totality, it does look like a hole has opened into the sky.
The book also has a great map, showing the path of totality.  We are fortunate to live very close to it!
We are geared up and ready to go!
I had some other pictures I wanted Maggie to see.  The first was on page 162 of The Usborne Science Encyclopedia.
 It showed a good picture of the sun's corona at totality.
Next, we looked at pages C104 and C105 of this old Scott Foresman Science book I have.
I liked the diagram in it, showing the path of the moon and the shadow it casts during a solar eclipse.
The final book we looked in was quite old.  (It belonged to my aunt who was a middle school science teacher.)  It was Astronomy: Our Sun and Its Neighbors, a Golden Exploring Earth book.  It was published in 1974, so it's even older than me.  I really wanted to add it into our lesson because it makes me happy to use my late aunt's teaching materials.  We looked on pages 6-7 of the same ... 
... to show a neat picture of how a total solar eclipse looks over time.
Maggie really enjoyed thinking of the moon as photobombing the sun, an idea we got from this great cartoon I found on an image search!
Our home will be in 94% totality.  To show Maggie ahead of time what that will look like, we found an image of a sun at 94% totality at http://cs.astronomy.com/asy/m/sunandmoon/488098.aspx (below).  This got her very excited!
As per the instructions in our Apologia text (page 26), we set up an easy model of a solar eclipse using a globe, a flashlight, and a ball on a string.  We chose Maggie's prayer closet (as this is a very dark place in our house when the lights are out) and set it up so that our flashlight (the sun) shone right on our country on the globe.
 With the closet light still on, we hung our ball ("the moon") over the flashlight beam to create an eclipse.  This, of course, cast a shadow on the globe.
 It looked even better with the light out!
 She had fun making the eclipse cross the path of totality our country will see tomorrow afternoon, over and over again!
Our next order of business was to make the "Pinhole Viewing Box" as instructed on pages 27-28 of our text.  (We already have our solar eclipse glasses, but we had to make this, too!)  Maggie chose her Froot Loops cereal box for her viewer.
 Here she is making the pinhole that the sun's light will shine through.
 We tested it with our flashlight ...
 ... and it works great!
 Look at that detail from our flashlight!  We can't wait to see if we can spot a few sunspots in our viewer!
We recorded both of these projects on page 32 of our notebooking journal.
We also wanted to make a small craft.  We chose to do the chalk drawing we found at http://booksandgiggles.com/2017/06/solar-eclipse-craft-for-kids.html/, using black paper, a smaller, circular piece of paper for the moon, tape, chalk, and a piece of tissue.
 First, we taped our circular moon onto the center of our black piece of paper.  Then, using the chalk (Maggie chose light yellow), she outlined the moon.
 Once outlined, she used the tissue to pull the chalk line away from the center.  This creates the sun's corona.
 Looking good!
 Once the corona is spread, carefully remove your taped moon to reveal your total solar eclipse!  (Maggie was very proud of this.)
 We placed it in her notebooking journal, too.
This lesson was such a blast!  Mags is ready to school Daddy today when he gets home from work on all things eclipse!
To finalize this lesson, we used the free "Solar Eclipse Coloring Page" found at https://www.skiptomylou.org/solar-eclipse-coloring-page/ for documenting this important event.  (The image below is the site owner's.)
Mags colored hers and filled out what she could.  Tomorrow, she will complete the sheet after our viewing and we will add this to our notebooking journal to complete this study.
Happy and safe viewing, everyone!


*UPDATE: We had a great time watching the solar eclipse and making a memory!  Maggie loved hearing the crickets chirping at 2:30 in the afternoon!  We are so excited to start Astronomy this winter!

Saturday, July 29, 2017

The Koreas

This is the first year that I have really been relying on YouTube to help me teach.  There are so many great videos out there!  And this post has plenty.  (Get ready!)  Our second and third countries to study in our yearlong Geography curriculum are the Koreas, that is, North Korea and South Korea.  To help us with every country study, we use the Galloping the Globe guide as a framework for our lessons.
For these two countries, we had eight days of personal study and one, final day of study with our co-op.  As all my Geography posts will have, each day of our study has been detailed, with the focus of that day's study outlined at the top (see below).  The first day served as an introduction to these two countries.

Day 1 - The Koreas (Introduction)

To start our study of the Koreas, we located the two countries on our globe and world map.  We got an even closer view with this map that I had laminated years ago from an old issue of National Geographic magazine.
Next, we "stamped" our travel trunk in our binder with a sticker from South Korea and colored both North Korea and South Korea on our map of Asia.  (Each country we study gets colored as we study it.)
This time around, because we had two countries we were covering, we had four country reports.  (The report sheets I use are detailed in our very first country post for Geography, found at http://homeschoolingmom2mags.blogspot.com/2017/07/china.html.)  We started these on Day 1 of our study, but it took the full two weeks to complete them.  (We added information as we went.)  Here are the completed country reports for North Korea.
We get our flag stickers for our country reports from Usborne's Flags Sticker Book.
And here are our country reports for South Korea.  (These go in our binder when complete.)
After starting our country reports, we read about the two countries on pages 85-86 of The Everything Kids' Geography Book ...
 ... and on page 17 of Dover's Around the World coloring book by Winky Adams.
Noting that these two countries create a peninsula off of the continent of Asia, we got a better look at this geographical feature on the map on page 91 of DK's Children's World Atlas.
We then completed a glossary page for "peninsula" for our geography terms book.  (This project is outlined in our post at http://homeschoolingmom2mags.blogspot.com/2017/07/introduction-to-world-geography.html.)

Days 2 and 3 - The Koreas (Famous People, Landmarks)

On the next two days of our study of the Koreas, we focused on their famous people and landmarks.  To start, we read about Bob Pierce, missionary to South Korea, on pages 119-124 of Missionary Stories with the Millers by Mildred A. Martin.
We then looked up the word "dictator" in the dictionary and discussed what that word means.  This opened up our discussion about the tragedy that exists in North Korea.  We then watched a few videos.  The first video about the Kim family dictatorship can be found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNmEdrc-Mok (below).  PLEASE WATCH THE VIDEOS IN THIS POST IN ADVANCE OF YOUR CHILD(REN) WATCHING THEM!  I stopped this particular video at minute 1:48 because it got too raw after that point.
After that video, we discussed the oppression these three generations of the Kim family have inflicted upon the North Korean people over the last seventy years.  Next up, we watched three videos about these leaders' effects on their people at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gd9YEISLlJk (below) ...
... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LnNAUTifsMU(below) ...
... and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iu9spTYGCFo (below).
We then watched a video explaining ten crazy laws that still exist in North Korea today.  It can be seen at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEPfHDNLahk (below).
We watched the emotional video of a North Korean girl who gives her testimony after escaping the country at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YHiCrTAD6A4 (below).  I stopped this video at minute 2:42 and restarted at minute 3:40 because of the graphic nature of her testimony.
After our first string of videos, we then read about how we can be praying for North Korea using our Window on the World book (pages 128-129).  We prayed together for the North Korean people.
We read about Seoul and the Gyeonbokgung Palace in our Pocket Books: Cities of the World book (page 52), constantly adding the information we were gathering to our country reports.
We then watched a video about this palace on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jnkfr2fCteM (below).
Another palace we researched was Changdeokgung Palace, seen at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ap4BHzVC_9A (below).
The next landmark we investigated was the N Seoul Tower at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4X_FHovRMw (below).
And then we explored Seoraksan National Park at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbUdCDoK85s (below).
At the end of our investigation of the famous (and infamous) people and landmarks of North and South Korea, we updated our country sheets and called it a day.

Day 4 - The Koreas (Native Animals, Plants)

The fourth day of our study of the Koreas was on the native animals and plants of the two countries. 

 To start this portion of our study, we looked through pages 116-131 of The Atlas of World Wildlife by World Wildlife Fund, about animals and plants found in southeast Asia.  This book is old.  It actually was mine as a child and I would spend hours looking through the pages.  I loved it.  And so it was a special treat to pull it out for the first time with Maggie.
We then looked at more animals from this region in our Usborne World of Animals book by Susanna Davidson and Mike Unwin (pages 82-83).
We then watched four interesting videos on YouTube about endangered animals who are now thriving in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea.  In fact, their numbers are increasing in this untouched portion of the world.  The videos can be found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4VfPRga_Kio (below) ...
... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBP_JspivBw (below) ...
... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CzB-nOBzjc (below) ...
... and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukJgujNbgNs (below).
We then added some of these animals and plants to our country reports.

Day 5 - The Koreas (Culture - Government, Currency, Language, Religion)

Day 5 of this study started our investigation into the culture of the Koreas, specifically, their governments, currency, language, and religions.

On this day, we talked a lot about the education system of South Korea.  Students (as well as their parents) work very, very hard as education is a huge priority in that culture.  It's a tough job, being a South Korean student, and they study many hours, even into the night.  Some high school students work from six in the morning until midnight, meaning they only get six hours of sleep a night!  Parents spend a small fortune on their children's education.  And though the South Koreans are now highly educated, their lives are very stressful and the suicide rate among teenagers is steadily increasing.  We watched three videos about the South Korean education system on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQLmPZ8ycoA (below) ...
... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_S6EchkKjrE (below) ...
... and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZsYdesxVCg (below).
After our videos, we learned a bit about the language of the Koreans and some common phrases, using this list, found at http://seeingsunshine.com/2015/04/08/common-phrases-in-korean/.  (We added it to our binder.)

Day 6 - The Koreas (Culture - Homes, Dress, Food, Music)

Day 6 of our study of these two countries invited us to learn about Korean homes, dress, food, and music.

To start, we read about two boys from South Korea, "Yong-Koo and Ji-Koo," in Children Just Like Me: A Unique Celebration of Children Around the World, pages 54-55.
We learned that many Koreans live in apartments, and some still have the privilege of living in traditional hanoks.  This is a great video on YouTube of a tour of a traditional hanok village home in South Korea (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1W-tg8RWjcQ), below.
We also looked at some traditional clothing of the Korean people before completing page 12 of Usborne's Sticker Dolly Dressing: Around the World sticker book, featuring a Korean girl wearing a traditional hanbock.
Great job, Mags!
We read about Korean food on pages 36-38 of Eat Your Way Around the World by Jamie Aramini.  (We will use this book a lot in Geography.)  We then decided to make the "Hwa che" and "Ehoba Pak Jon" recipes (on pages 36 and 38, respectively) for a snack.  
Ehoba Pak Jon is really just fried zucchini.  Maggie was excited to try it.
Here it is, frying in the pan.
All done and ready to eat!
And Hwa che is a delicious, fizzy drink made with chunks of watermelon, ginger ale, and sugar.  It was very sweet, but it was good!
A Korean snack!
While we ate, we read two stories from Korea -- My Cat Copies Me by Yoon-duck Kwon ... 
... and While We Were Out by Ho Baek Lee.  (Maggie really giggled at this one.)

Days 7 and 8 - The Koreas (Culture - Special Holidays/Celebrations)

The final two days of our personal study of Korea (before we met with our co-op on Day 9) covered special holidays and celebrations, as well as a special study we chose to do on games.  (This would also be part of Maggie's oral presentation that she was preparing for our co-op.)

The Korean New Year (“Seollal”) is a very special holiday in Korea.  We learned more about it athttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ea8iHqBalb8 (below).
We then learned about “Chuseok,” Korea's Thanksgiving day at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LPEpPRyiNA (below).
As I mentioned above, Maggie had a presentation to prepare for our co-op.  At these meetings, each child presents a project to the others of something that interested them in their personal study.  Maggie and I chose Korean games as the focus of this country's project.  The first we studied was Yut Nori.  To learn more about it, we watched this video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G90o0ai57EM (below).
We then set out to make our own version of Yut Nori using the instructions at http://www.thecraftycrow.net/2010/03/crafts-around-the-world-korea.html.  (This is a picture from her site, below.)
To decorate our sticks for our Yut Nori game, Maggie used the Korean alphabet to copy characters onto them.
Here is our game in the works, with Maggie ahead of me!
The second, traditional, Korean game we learned about was Ddakji, which is shown at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KvVhgL2g2UE (below).
We decided to make our own Ddakji game using the instructions at https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-make-korean-ddakji-game-2541008.  (This is the picture from her site.)
And here are our Ddakji play pieces.
To determine who would throw their Ddakji square first, we played "Kawi, Bawi, Bo."  This is from where we get our game of "Rock, Paper, Scissors."  (Maggie won this one, too!)  Once we determined she would go first, it wasn't long before we figured out that Ddakji is not easy!
Our final, traditional, Korean game we learned about was Five Field Kono, played at  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CsV4e2abFw to instruct us (below).
We then used the instructions at http://www.whatdowedoallday.com/five-field-kono/ to make a game of our own!  (This picture is from her site.)
Here is our Five Field Kono game board, below.
This study of Korean games was a lot of fun and Maggie was very excited to present them at our co-op.

Day 9 - The Koreas (Co-op)

My friend, Stacie, hosted our co-op for the Koreas and she had a beautiful fan craft planned for the kids.  This is one of her templates that she used as an example.
To start, they did a watercolor wash on some heavy paper, cut and folded into the accordion fan shape.
Once the wash was dry, they drew silhouettes of natural shapes onto their fans using Sharpies.  They then used glitter glue to create pretty accents against their silhouettes.  
(Unfortunately, the glitter glue didn't want to dry.  Our co-op time had finished and the glue was still wet so our children will be meeting again this week to finish their fans, putting on the sticks and the beads to accessorize them,  I will update this post with a picture of the finished project when it is complete.)

While their fans dried, the children then watched videos on YouTube of the Korean fan dance and listened to Korean music.

It was soon time for lunch.  To start, we had Korean tea in authentic Korean teacups.  The loose tea is placed in the top cup, along with the boiling water.
Next, a cover is placed over that, giving time for the tea to steep properly.
Once steeped, you remove the lid and pull the top cup up and out.  (The bottom of the top cup has many holes so the liquid stays in the bottom cup and you remove most of the loose tea bits with the top.)
I love this cup!
Then, it was time to taste!  Delicious!
Stacie outdid herself with lunch.  She made us bulgogi (marinated beef) ...
... kimchi (hers was so good) ...
... wanja-jeon (pan-fried meat and tofu patties, also very good) ...
... and matang (canded sweet potatoes).
This meal was scrumptious!  Served with rice, we had a Korean feast!
Maggie loved it, too!
We had a blast learning about the Koreas.  Next up?  Japan!  Check back with us!